Alice Weidel and Tino Chrupalla: They are the top candidates of the AfD for the federal election in 2021. (Source: Jens Schicke / imago images)
The AfD’s election manifesto is a good 200 pages long and is entitled “Germany. But normal”. The most important projects of the right-wing populists at a glance.
The AfD rejects the federal government’s long-term climate protection plan for 2050 as well as the EU’s “Green Deal” . The AfD wants to terminate the Paris climate agreement and abolish all forms of CO2 pricing. Coal-fired power plants are to continue to run, and additional “flexible gas power plants” and new nuclear power plants are to be built. The Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline is to be secured.
The AfD is against all climate protection measures and against a “climate hysteria”. Industry and society are currently being radically restructured to prevent a climate catastrophe , according to the election manifesto. “We consider this thesis and the measures derived from it to be wrong.” There is global warming – but the AfD doubts that it will only have negative consequences.
Economy / jobs
Germany should leave the European Union, demands the party, as well as from the common currency euro . Instead, a “new European economic and interest group” is to be founded and a national currency introduced.
The inheritance tax is to be abolished, labor law is to be “purged and made more flexible” if the AfD has its way. The AfD wants to set up a pharmaceutical-medical competence cluster, a development plan for quantum computing and business models for the use of space.
The AfD wants to counteract an impending increase in pension contributions through a higher tax subsidy in pension financing. This should not be counter-financed through tax increases, but through “consistent deletion of ideological political measures, for example in migration, climate and EU policy”. Like other employees, politicians should also pay into the statutory pension scheme . The AfD wants to promote families in particular: Parents should receive back 20,000 euros of pension contributions already paid for each child at birth or be exempted from future contributions in this amount.
Taxes / duties
The AfD wants to concentrate on sales and income tax and abolish a number of other taxes for this purpose: For example, inheritance and real estate transfer taxes are to be canceled without replacement, as are the EEG surcharge, broadcasting fees and beer, entertainment , Liquor license, hunting, fishing and second home taxes are covered. Basically, it is the aim of the AfD to reduce the tax burden in Germany significantly.
Social / living
The AfD rejects demands for expropriations, as well as the rent brake or the rent cap . She wants to discontinue or reduce social housing; low-income people should instead receive more housing benefits. Above all, the AfD wants to promote home ownership – for example through special tax depreciation for owner-occupied property. Rules for fire, heat and noise protection should be reduced to a minimum. The AfD wants to secure more real estate for Germans by increasing the real estate transfer tax for buyers without German citizenship and with main residence abroad to 20 percent.
Those who have worked long and are unemployed should receive unemployment benefit I for longer . The AfD advocates a reference period depending on the length of previous employment. Instead of Hartz IV , the AfD wants to introduce an “activating basic security”. Earned income should not be offset against the “basic security” – so even marginally employed people should always earn more than the unemployed.
Digitization / services of general interest
Schools should be equipped in a modern and contemporary way. But: “The first four years of school should mainly be digital-free rooms, as they serve to acquire the basic cultural techniques of reading , arithmetic and writing,” says the AfD program. The Network Enforcement Act is to be abolished and upload filters on the Internet are to be prevented. The AfD wants to oblige providers of social networks to be “neutral in terms of content”.
Migration / integration
The AfD wants to secure Germany’s borders from immigration , and may also want to erect physical barriers such as border fences. Asylum seekers are said to be turned back at the border. Only qualified workers should be allowed to immigrate, only people who are particularly vulnerable and selected by the Bundestag are allowed to be admitted on a humanitarian basis. A “cultural and religious background that is compatible with German values and society” is central to the AfD.
Only foreigners from the EU who have come to work or who have worked for a “reasonable period” should be entitled to basic social security benefits . The payment of benefits over and above the unemployment benefit should be limited to one year for them.
Foreign and Security Policy
The AfD demands strict compliance with the non-interference requirement in the internal affairs of states. The NATO will limit their application to the field of Allies. The AfD wants to lift the EU’s sanctions against Russia , harmonize relations and expand economic relations. The AfD recommends that Germany should actively participate in the expansion of China’s “New Silk Road”.